Reed level sensor: Defining the measuring range flexibly

A float-based level sensor with a reed chain is a widely used and comparatively economical solution for continuous level measurement in vessels. Users can define its measuring range flexibly within a given range. This short article describes what needs to be taken into account.
With a reed-chain level sensor, the guide tube contains a defined number of reed contacts, according to the measuring range. These are combined to form a measuring chain. Replicate respond to the magnetic field of the float, which moves within the guide tube good liquid level.
Accuracy depends on the distance between the contacts
The accuracy of this energy-free level monitoring depends, in turn, on the distance between the individual contacts: the smaller it is, the more accurate the measurement. Each level sensor in WIKA?s RLT series, for instance, enables measuring ranges with contact distances between 3 and 24 mm. However, a reed chain cannot be stretched across the entire length of the guide tube. For the reason that there are ?dead bands? at both ends of the tube, i.e. sections that the float does not detect due to design constraints (see graphic).
The graph shows the way the maximum possible measuring range (M) with an air-handling series level sensor is defined: Guide tube length (L) minus dead band (T) and 100 % mark (X).
Maximum measuring range isn’t a must
The measuring selection of a level sensor therefore lies between your two dead bands specified in the data sheet. Within this range, it could be freely defined. However, it really is by no means essential to utilise the utmost possible measuring range in all applications. The exact adaptation of the amount of contacts to the measuring task also has an economic advantage: The reed chain is among the most expensive components in an even sensor.
Example ? Dry run monitoring
For dry run monitoring in an oil tank of a compressor, for example, only the lower the main guide tube is necessary for the measurement. In this instance, the upper measuring point of the application (100 % mark) is set correspondingly low. It marks the distance to the sealing face of the process connection. The measuring range is thus defined by the next equation:
Measuring range length M = guide tube length L ? dead band T ? 100 % mark X
Consequently, the measuring range for detecting a maximum level is set beginning with the sealing face. In cases like this, the guide tube can be adapted to the length of the measuring range.
Note
Further information on the RLT series level sensors can be found on the WIKA website. For those who have any questions, your contact will gladly help you.
Also read our articles
Level sensors ? the agony of choice
What do dead bands mean with a float switch?
There are also out more about float-based level measurement using a reed chain in the next video:

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